In her first present at Paula Cooper Gallery in Chelsea, the painter Cecily Brown confirmed a big triptych, “A Day! Help! Help! Another Day!” (2016). The 33-foot-wide work, which pulls its title from an Emily Dickinson poem, was an lively discipline of colourful marks typical of Brown’s expressionistic type.
Based on her traditional choice, it was positioned comparatively excessive up on the wall. However the course of was redirected by Cooper herself, an artwork world veteran who has had her personal gallery for 53 years.
“Paula walked in and mentioned, ‘No, no, it’s received to go decrease. One needs to be immersed within the portray,’” Brown recalled. “She was so proper. Now I grasp them decrease, so you possibly can step into them.”
Cooper’s eye — and her means to persuade others that she’s proper, firmly herding artists alongside the way in which — are among the many causes that Brown, after a stint at Gagosian after which a quick interval with no supplier, signed as much as work with Cooper, whom she referred to as a “feminine legend.”
The legend turned 83 in March, and this month Cooper is asserting 4 new companions in her gallery: Steve Henry, its director, tapped as senior accomplice; her son Lucas Cooper, a former file govt who might be a managing accomplice; and two longtime staff, Alexis Johnson and Anthony Allen.
On the identical time, the gallery intends to show a Palm Seaside, Fla., seasonal pop-up right into a year-round department, which might be its first outdoors New York at a time when some galleries have many shops. The growth exhibits the affect of Henry, who has been spearheading the venture.
Final month, Cooper was relaxed and candid as she talked about these choices in a again room of her momentary gallery on West 26th Road. She has two everlasting areas on West 21st Road: her flagship, established in 1996, presently shuttered for development, and one other that has reopened after a fireplace.
“I’m drained, and I’ve by no means liked the social half,” Cooper mentioned, whereas emphasizing that she is stepping again however not retiring. “I regularly stopped doing sure issues.” She added that the evolution of the partnerships was “natural,” a pure improvement from the way in which she has been working with these 4 folks for years.
Although she had a light bout of Covid in December, which she mentioned she principally “slept by way of,” Cooper added that she’s in good well being now and has obtained a vaccine; so has her husband, the editor and writer Jack Macrae. (The couple opened a bookstore, 192 Books, on 10th Avenue in Chelsea, in 2003.)
Her pursuits are twofold from right here: “Working with artists and putting in.” She added, “Putting in exhibits is my nice love.” She favors letting the works have some air round them — no crowding on the partitions.
Few sellers have been at it as lengthy. Cooper opened the primary gallery in SoHo in 1968, serving to make it the legendary artwork neighborhood of the 1970s and ’80s; then she did the identical factor to Chelsea within the mid-90s.
Now Cooper has chosen to make a rigorously thought-about handoff as an alternative of simply calling it quits. The route of her gallery, not mega-sized however giant in stature, is a telling knowledge level for the cutting-edge world, particularly given the latest announcement by Metro Pictures, on West 24th Road, that it would close after more than 40 years.
“I’m very sorry that Metro is closing,” Cooper mentioned. “They’ve been such a wonderful, robust, straight gallery — no playing around. It’s the top of an period.”
Cooper has a repute of not struggling fools. “I’m so judgmental,” she mentioned, laughing. Her son Lucas, who joined the gallery in 2013, put it this manner: “I don’t know if she’s tough.” He paused. “However I wouldn’t mess together with her.”
The Metro Footage’ closing raises questions, Cooper mentioned, about the way forward for “the midsize gallery that has been capable of flourish.”
From the start, “I didn’t need to be an enormous enterprise,” she mentioned. “The long-term technique was to stay ‘a gentleman artwork supplier.’” The mega gallery was by no means her mannequin. “If I wished to be a mega-something, I might not select artwork,” she mentioned, noting that she toyed with opening a Paris department round 1980, however determined in opposition to it due to the difficult logistics.
Cooper made her title exhibiting, and likewise promoting, Minimalist and Conceptual artwork, when these actions have been simply getting going; she was one of many pioneers who taught collectors that the thought for a piece — like a set of Sol LeWitt’s directions for his wall drawings, with the execution carried out by another person — had worth, not simply the bodily object. It revolutionized artwork within the 1960s and ’70s.
Her now extra assorted roster nonetheless has a robust Conceptual pressure. Adam D. Weinberg, the director of the Whitney Museum of American Artwork, mentioned that Ms. Cooper’s lineup has a “cerebral forged of thoughts, however not aridly so.”
It contains Christian Marclay, famed for his 24-hour-long movie montage “The Clock,” in addition to the estates of LeWitt, the sculptor Carl Andre and the photographers Hilla and Bernd Becher, identified for his or her austere water tower footage.
“I believe we present powerful stuff,” Cooper mentioned. “Which means folks need to take time and give it some thought.” The present opening April 24, “No Extra Than Three Different Instances,” options three generations of conceptual artists: Douglas Huebler, Sherrie Levine and Walid Raad.
Weinberg recalled going to her gallery in SoHo in his 1970s faculty days. “It was by way of her that I fell in love with Minimal and Conceptual work,” the director mentioned. “It was the primary time I ever noticed Sol LeWitt’s work.”
As Weinberg put it, “She has curated her successors as rigorously as she has curated her exhibits.”
Henry has been a director since 1998, after attending to know Cooper when he labored for the Los Angeles gallerist Margo Leavin, with whom Cooper shared artists. He mentioned that the truth that he and Johnson, two of the 4 new companions, are Black, was “fairly vital,” on condition that “there have been, like, 5 Black folks within the artwork world after I began.”
He added, “I believe it’s modified remarkably since then. There’s a way more highly effective presence of individuals of shade within the artwork world now.”
Henry mentioned he was completely satisfied Cooper “took an opportunity on a contemporary younger Black child”; they bonded from the beginning over their appreciation of the artists Marclay and Rudolf Stingel. He has put his personal stamp on the gallery by suggesting the addition of the filmmaker Ja’Tovia Gary, amongst others.
“The concept of the novel is in our DNA,” Henry mentioned.
Cooper, born Paula Johnson and raised in Massachusetts, received her first New York gallery job in 1959. In 1964, she opened her personal house briefly, nevertheless it was short-lived. So, too, was a primary marriage. “My first husband didn’t permit me to work, so I ended being married,” she instructed the Instances in 2016. (She married once more, to Neil Cooper, a music producer and file label founder, and so they divorced within the ’80s).
From 1965 to 1967, she had a job that epitomized the unfastened spirit of the period, directing Park Place Gallery, a cooperative. Her bosses have been 10 artists together with the sculptors Robert Grosvenor and Mark di Suvero, each of whom she now exhibits.
“They name it ‘style,’ di Suvero mentioned. “But it surely’s responding to work, and Paula has an important capability for that.”
The hardheaded high quality wanted to reach enterprise was in proof, too. Di Suvero mentioned, “She was capable of preserve this loopy group of artists collectively, which wasn’t straightforward.” Specifically, she discovered some monetary backers, which helped, on condition that di Suvero mentioned there have been “virtually no gross sales.”
Lastly in 1968, Cooper opened the gallery that also bears her title on Prince Road (later it moved to Wooster Road). In that period, a lady supplier wasn’t a unicorn — Bertha Schaefer, Martha Jackson, Betty Parsons and Joan Washburn have been lively — however “folks handled you so condescendingly,” she mentioned. “A girl couldn’t be a significant supplier, she was second tier.” The dealer Dick Bellamy, she recalled, “used to pat me on the top.” This, even if she was 30 with two youngsters when she opened her doorways.
And to these outdoors the artwork world, gallerist was a socially acceptable career for a lady. “The humanities have been ‘clear palms,’” she mentioned. “Girls might concern themselves with such issues.”
Cooper’s political forged of thoughts rapidly put to relaxation the concept that she’d present demure artwork. Her preliminary exhibition was explicitly anti-Vietnam.
“I had buddies who wouldn’t speak to me, I used to be so in opposition to the struggle,” she recalled. She additionally didn’t take any of the proceeds for herself, splitting them between the artists and antiwar causes. She has given first or early exhibits to Jennifer Bartlett, Lynda Benglis, Jonathan Borofsky, Elizabeth Murray, Joel Shapiro and Robert Gober. Different sellers have picked off her successes. Cooper misplaced Gober and Tony Smith’s property to Matthew Marks; and he or she misplaced Murray and Donald Judd to Tempo (which then subsequently watched them go elsewhere).
“Artists solely get stolen after they’re doing properly,” she mentioned.
Cooper’s lack of curiosity in increasing the gallery could have been a think about some departures, although she “by no means, ever” had regrets about her path.
And the losses damage: Gober’s transfer left “my coronary heart damaged,” she mentioned, noting that she “doesn’t maintain it in opposition to” the artists or the opposite sellers. “Typically, they only desire a completely different expertise,” Cooper mentioned. She added that “generally they arrive again, too.”
Rachel Uffner, a youthful supplier who opened her gallery in 2008, mentioned that she noticed one thing vital in the truth that Cecily Brown and the multimedia maker Tauba Auerbach have joined Paula Cooper up to now decade.
“These are robust feminine artists who appear to have sought this relationship as a form of refuge from the market,” mentioned Uffner.
Arne Glimcher, Tempo’s founder, additionally 83, is probably the one particular person with related longevity within the artwork enterprise. A well-known 1970 group picture in Vogue, meant to showcase New York’s up-and-coming sellers, included him and Cooper, the one lady within the bunch.
Taking the lengthy view, Glimcher praised Cooper’s adaptability, after having made her title with Minimal and Conceptual works. “She has been far more open to different kinds within the later half of her profession,” he mentioned.
Musing on her personal monitor file within the enterprise, Cooper mentioned, “I can’t consider any artists I’ve stolen.”
However she smiled when she added, “Perhaps that can change.”