Already hobbled by remote learning, schools confront a growing problem: hackers.

American officers warned Thursday that hackers are focusing on Ok-12 faculties in a brand new wave of cyberattacks that’s disrupting distance studying whilst coronavirus instances spike throughout the nation.

The F.B.I. and the cybersecurity division of Homeland Safety issued a joint advisory warning of a brand new wave of ransomware and so-called DDoS, or distributed denial of service, assaults on Ok-12 faculties which are slowing or disrupting pupil and instructor entry to distance studying.

A few of the hackers behind the ransomware, officers mentioned, held college knowledge hostage or threatened to leak confidential pupil knowledge if a fee was not made.

Over the previous month, the assaults have taken greater than 100 faculties in Baltimore offline. They’ve additionally hit dozens of faculties in Texas and Alabama, in addition to a handful of faculties in Georgia and Ohio, in response to public stories collected by Emsisoft, a safety agency.

Greater than half of all ransomware assaults reported to a multistate evaluation heart in August and September concerned assaults on Ok-12 faculties, officers mentioned.

“Faculties have all the time been targets as a result of there’s a excessive chance they’ll pay a modest ransom to get their knowledge again,” mentioned Alex Holden, the chief govt at Maintain Safety, which focuses on cybercrime.

The F.B.I. has suggested ransomware victims to not pay, however some faculties are ignoring that recommendation.

Officers in Yazoo County, Miss., not too long ago revealed that they’d paid $300,000 to get better knowledge from a ransomware assault final October. In July, officers in Athens, Texas, paid $50,000 to maintain their knowledge from being revealed on-line.

Cybersecurity consultants say Ok-12 faculties are significantly susceptible, on condition that youthful kids usually are not as nicely versed in password administration and in not clicking on phishing emails.

Many college districts have labored with FireEye, the safety agency, which has provided college districts in Texas and elsewhere entry to their safety instruments via the top of 2020. However earlier this week, FireEye revealed that its systems had been penetrated by nation-state hackers that seemed to be Russian.

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